How to Master the Guitar for Beginners

Learning to play the guitar is an incredibly rewarding hobby and creative outlet. The guitar is one of the most popular instruments in the world for a reason – its versatile sound fits into practically any genre, from rock and blues to classical and pop.

Thankfully, with the right guidance and practice habits, beginners can get started on the guitar and work towards mastery. This article will break down everything you need to know as a beginner guitarist to start playing enjoyable songs and impress your friends. Let’s get started!

Guitar player learning to play

Choosing the Right Beginner Guitar

Your first major decision is choosing the best acoustic or electric guitar for beginners. The shape, material, and quality of your starter guitar will impact your progress and motivation in the crucial early stages.

When purchasing a guitar here are the key factors to consider:

Body Styles

Acoustic guitars come in a wide variety of body styles, each with its own sound profile. The most beginner-friendly are:

  • Dreadnought: With its wider waist, the dreadnought produces a booming, powerful sound perfect for rock and country strumming. Famous models include the Yamaha FG800 and Fender CD-60.
  • Classical: Featuring a big, round body and nylon strings, the mellow tone of classical guitars makes them ideal for fingerpicking and beginners. The Cordoba C5 and Yamaha C40 are great starter classical guitars.

Electric guitars primarily come in solid-body or semi-hollow forms. Solid-body electrics like the Squier Stratocaster minimize feedback and are more durable for new players.


You don’t need to spend a fortune on your first guitar. Many major manufacturers like Yamaha, Fender, and Epiphone offer budget-friendly models between $150-$300 that provide great playability and sound quality. Used guitars are another option, but enlist an experienced guitarist’s help in evaluating the condition.

I recommend setting a maximum budget of $500 for a beginner. Premium features like solid wood construction and electronics upgrades can wait until you’ve improved. Focus on playability first and foremost.

Recommended Beginner Models

Based on value, availability, and reputation, we recommend the following as examples of quality beginner guitars:

Guitar Accessories Needed

Along with your new guitar, you’ll need a handful of basic accessories for practice sessions:

  • Strings – Always good to have an extra pack on hand when old strings get worn out. Elixir and D’Addario make great strings for acoustic and electric.
  • Picks – The thicker the pick, the more rigid and treble-focused the tone. Try both thinner, flexible picks and heavy picks to determine your preference.
  • Tuner – Essential for tuning your guitar before playing. Clip-on tuners like the Snark SN5 are very convenient. There are also tuner apps for smartphones.
  • Strap – Makes standing with your guitar more secure and comfortable. Levy’s and Fender make solid starter straps.
  • Case/Gig Bag – Hard cases offer the most protection, while gig bags are lighter and more affordable.

Guitar player tuning a guitar

How to Tune Your Guitar

Before playing anything on guitar, you need to tune it. Mastering tuning by ear takes years of practice, so beginners should use a tuner. Clip-on tuners are very convenient, but you can also download a tuner app like GuitarTuna.

To tune with a clip-on tuner:

  1. Clip the tuner onto your guitar’s headstock
  2. Play each string one at a time
  3. Turn the tuning pegs until the string displays the correct pitch on the tuner
  4. Tune strings 5-1 in order (A, D, G, B, E) for acoustic or 6-1 for electric (E, A, D, G, B, E)

Aim to tune your guitar whenever you practice to prevent poor habits and frustration. Mastering tuning will give you confidence and help train your ear.

Hand Positioning and Posture

Proper hand positioning and sitting/standing posture is crucial for beginners. Here are some tips:

  • Hold the neck with your thumb centered on the back. Keep a light but firm grip.
  • Keep wrist relatively straight to avoid tension.
  • Curve remaining fingers slightly and keep near strings.
  • Position guitar on leg while sitting so neck angles up. Use strap while standing.
  • Keep back straight and arms relaxed. Avoid hunching over.

Take the time to adjust your guitar and body optimally. It will pay off big time later when playing more complex chords and riffs!

Learning Guitar Basics

Now that your guitar is tuned and ready to go, it’s time to learn the fundamentals. Master these core skills first before moving onto specific songs.

Reading Guitar Tablature

Tablature (or tab) shows you where to play notes on the guitar neck using numbers and symbols. It’s much easier for beginners than standard musical notation. The numbers represent strings, while the horizontal lines represent frets. For example:


This tab would have you play the 0th fret on the low E string, the 3rd fret on the B string, and so on. Numbers closer to the floor represent lower frets.

Learn to read tab early on as most online guitar resources use it!

Basic Open Chords

Chords are groups of notes played together. On guitar, they involve pressing multiple strings down at once with your fretting hand fingers. Click the link for these essential major open chords:

E Major         E
A Major         A
D Major         D  
G Major         G
C Major         C

Use online chord diagrams or a cheat sheet to practice changing between chords smoothly. Strum each chord slowly until the transitions feel more natural.

Strumming Patterns

Once you have a few chords down, work on these basic strumming patterns:

  • Downward strum: Single downstrums
  • Up then down: Alternate up and down strokes
  • Down, down-up: Downstroke then upstroke combo
  • Down, down-up, up: Add two upstrokes

Use a pick or your thumb. Focus on coordinating steady strumming rhythm with smooth chord changes. Guide the tempo with a metronome if needed.

Fingerpicking Basics

Fingerpicking means plucking the strings with your right hand fingers and thumb. Try this pattern:

Thumb - 5th string 
Index - 4th string  
Middle - 3rd string
Ring - 2nd string
Pinky - 1st string

Do this over and over on different strings and frets to get used to the coordination. Pay attention to the volume and tone of each finger. This technique opens up melodic possibilities beyond just strumming.

Practicing Effectively

Now that you understand the fundamentals, how do you get these skills deep into your muscles? Consistent, mindful practice is the only way to progress on guitar long-term. Here are some best practices:

Set Structured Practice Goals

Aimless noodling should only be a small percentage of your practice. Treat practice like a workout session – have a plan! Here are some productive goal types:

  • Play new chord progression 10x perfectly
  • Nail tricky chord change 10x
  • Play scale with metronome 3x
  • Learn new song section
  • Improvise solo over backing track

Check each goal off before moving on. Be specific in measuring your progress.

Use Apps and Online Lessons

Sites like Guitar for All provide structured video lessons on guitar basics and songs.

YouTube is another great free resource. Channels such as Breakthrough Guitar breaks down concepts very clearly. Play along!

Practice Chord Changes

One of the best uses of practice time as a beginner is to drill chord changes. For example:

  • Cycle between E, A, and D chords
  • Strum each chord 4 times
  • Repeat sequence for 5-10 minutes daily

This engrains crucial muscle memory and coordination. Do this with any sequence of chord changes you struggle with.

Memorize Chord Shapes

Another technique is choosing a single chord shape to focus on memorizing in a practice session. For example:

  • Study the E major chord shape and finger placement
  • Close your eyes and visualize the shape
  • Fret the chord with eyes closed
  • Open your eyes to check accuracy
  • Repeat until you have it down cold!

Do this for 10 minutes per chord shape. Quick visualization and recall will come in handy when learning songs.

Maintaining Motivation

Learning an instrument requires tremendous patience and consistency. How can you stick with the guitar for the long haul? Here are some tips:

Set Milestones and Reward Yourself

To stay motivated, set short-term goals and milestones. For example:

  • 1 week – Memorize 5 basic chords
  • 1 month – Learn 2 songs start to finish
  • 3 months – Perform in front of friends

Celebrate each milestone by treating yourself to something special like dinner out or a new album! Setting frequent achievable goals will help maintain forward momentum.

Take Group Lessons/Join a Band

Playing guitar socially provides accountability, inspiration, and fun. Once you know some chords and songs, consider joining:

  • Beginner guitar group lessons at a local music shop
  • A casual band with friends
  • An open mic night at a cafe

Having a regular social guitar outlet provides motivation through peer encouragement. Plus, performing builds confidence!

Learn Songs You Love

It’s much easier to practice songs that YOU want to play, rather than just generic beginner tunes. Make a playlist of favorites you’d enjoy learning like:

  • “Wonderwall” by Oasis
  • “Brown Eyed Girl” by Van Morrison
  • “Ho Hey” by The Lumineers
  • “Slow Dancing in a Burning Room” by John Mayer

This gives every practice session a fun purpose beyond just technical exercises. Learn the riffs and chord progressions of your favorite songs!

Perform For Friends/Family

Set mini-performance milestones. Once a month, invite friends over and play 2-3 songs you’ve recently learned. Ask for song requests! Performing for a friendly audience will help you get over stage fright. Recording these performances can be helpful to review and see your progress over time.

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Many beginners have similar questions when starting out on guitar. Here are answers to some of the most common FAQs:

“How long does it take to learn guitar?”

This depends a lot on the consistency and quality of your practice. As a very rough timeline, expect:

  • 1-2 months to learn basic open chords and strumming
  • 6 months to play some basic songs all the way through
  • 1+ years to learn barre chords and intermediate techniques
  • 5+ years to master advanced skills like improvisation and complex fingerpicking

Be patient and focus on steady incremental progress between each milestone. Achieving mastery is a lifelong journey. Enjoy it!

“How can I practice guitar quietly?”

Electric guitars played unplugged or through headphones are great for silent practice. For acoustic, try a Rubberneck wrap around the body to dampen sound. You can also replace steel strings with nylon strings for a mellower tone.

“Which is better for beginners: acoustic or electric?”

Acoustic guitars’ thicker strings help strengthen fingers, making chord transitions easier. But electric guitars with thinner strings are often more comfortable for smaller hands. I’d recommend starting on acoustic, then adding electric later once finger coordination develops.

“What are some easy guitar songs to learn first?”

Great starter acoustic songs include:

  • “Good Riddance (Time of Your Life)” by Green Day
  • “Stand By Me” by Ben E. King
  • “Leaving on a Jet Plane” by John Denver
  • “Peaceful Easy Feeling” by Eagles

Top electric songs for beginners:

  • “Smoke on the Water” by Deep Purple
  • “Blitzkrieg Bop” by The Ramones
  • “Seven Nation Army” by The White Stripes
  • “Hey There Delilah” by Plain White T’s

Learn the chords, strumming patterns, and melodies of these crowd favorites!


Learning to master the guitar takes consistent practice over time, but the journey is incredibly fun and rewarding. Follow the tips in this guide during your first critical months of development. Be patient with yourself, set small milestones, and play songs you’re passionate about. Over time, you’ll be able to express yourself musically and impress friends with your ever-growing skills. Enjoy the ride! Guitar mastery is a lifelong gift.

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